One of the magnificent historical constructions of Istanbul is the Basilica Cistern, located near south-west of St. Sophia Church. This huge cistern, which was founded by Justinianus I, a Byzantine Empire (527-565), began to be called by the public -the Sinking Palace- and not without a reason, seeing the great number of marble columns arising out of the water.
This cistern that was laid on an area of total 9.800 m2 has the capacity to store 100.000 tons of water. Inside this cistern, into which you descend with 52 stone steps, are found 336 columns each 9 meters high and 4.80 meters apart, which are arranged in 12 rows of 28 each. These columns arising out of water remind an endless forest, thus affecting visitors as soon as they entered the cistern.