Aydın is a province of southwestern Turkey, located in the Aegean Region. Much of the countryside is an attractive mix of fig, olive and citrus trees, especially figs. Other towns in the province include the summer seaside resorts of Didim and Kusadası.
Aydın was founded by the ancient Thracians and was once known as Tralles. The area is an earthquake zone and the city was built and rebuilt by a succession of Spartans, Phrygians, Lonians, Lydians, Persians and Ancient Romans. In 1186 the Seljuk Turks took control of the area, followed by the Anatolian Turkish Beylik of the Aydınoglu. During this period the town was named as Aydın Guzelhisar, and was brought into the Ottoman Empire in 1426.